A fermata (also known as a hold, pause, colloquially a birdseye, or as a grand pause when placed on a note or a rest) is an element of musical notation indicating that the note should be sustained for longer than its note value would indicate. Exactly how much longer it is held is up to the discretion of the performer or conductor, but twice as long is not unusual. It is usually printed above, but occasionally below (upside down), the note that is to be held longer. Occasionally holds are also printed above rests or barlines, indicating a pause of indefinite duration.
This symbol appears as early as the 15th century, and is quite common in the works of Dufay and Josquin.
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Fermata (Music) with Stevil 11/05/2011 08:00PM to 11:00PM
08:00PM Terry Riley “Concerto for Two Pianos and Five Tape Recorders” from Riley: Music for the Gift (2007) on Elision Fields
08:15PM Terry Riley “Mescalin Mix” from Riley: Music for the Gift (2007) on Elision Fields
08:30PM Terry Riley “Untitled Organ” from Reed Streams (2007) on Elision Fields
08:45PM Terry Riley “A Rainbow In Curved Air” from A Rainbow in Curved Air
09:02PM Terry Riley “Poppy Nogood and the Phantom Band, or soprano sax, electronic keyboard & tape delay” from Riley: A Rainbow in Curved Air, Poppy Nogood and the Phantom Band (CD, 1969) on Sony Classical
09:25PM Terry Riley “Reed Streams, for Reed Organ: Dorian Reeds” from Reed Streams (2007) on Elision Fields
09:45PM Terry Riley “Straight On Till Morning” from Riley: In C - Steven: Straight On Till Morning - Bregent: Atlantide (Excerpts)
10:05PM Terry Riley “May 24, 1972, Paris Pt. 1” from Riley: Persian Surgery Dervishes (1993) on Felmay
10:20PM Terry Riley “In C” from In C / Djembé (1994) on Materiali Sonori
10:49PM Terry Riley “Bird of Paradise: Part 1” from Riley: Music for the Gift (2007) on Elision Fields
10:54PM Terry Riley “Bird of Paradise: Part 3” from Riley: Music for the Gift (2007) on Elision Fields
at 10:41 AM